California State Senator Introduces Bill That Would Mandate Reporting of 'Superbug' Infections, Deaths

An anonymous reader quotes a report from Reuters: A California state senator introduced a bill on Monday that would mandate reporting of antibiotic-resistant infections and deaths and require doctors to record the infections on death certificates when they are a cause of death. The legislation also aims to establish the nation’s most comprehensive statewide surveillance system to track infections and deaths from drug-resistant pathogens. Data from death certificates would be used to help compile an annual state report on superbug infections and related deaths. In September, a Reuters investigation revealed that tens of thousands of superbug deaths nationwide go uncounted every year. The infections are often omitted from death certificates, and even when they are recorded, they aren’t counted because of the lack of a unified national surveillance system. Because there is no federal surveillance system, monitoring of superbug infections and deaths falls to the states. A Reuters survey of all 50 state health departments and the District of Columbia found that reporting requirements vary widely. Hill’s bill would require hospitals and clinical labs to submit an annual summary of antibiotic-resistant infections to the California Department of Health beginning July 1, 2018; amend a law governing death certificates by requiring that doctors specify on death certificates when a superbug was the leading or a contributing cause of death; and require the state Health Department to publish an annual report on resistant infections and deaths, including data culled from death certificates.

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It Will Soon Be Illegal To Punish Customers Who Criticize Businesses Online

An anonymous reader quotes a report from Ars Technica: Congress has passed a law protecting the right of U.S. consumers to post negative online reviews without fear of retaliation from companies. The bipartisan Consumer Review Fairness Act was passed by unanimous consent in the U.S. Senate yesterday, a Senate Commerce Committee announcement said. The bill, introduced in 2014, was already approved by the House of Representatives and now awaits President Obama’s signature. The Consumer Review Fairness Act — full text available here — voids any provision in a form contract that prohibits or restricts customers from posting reviews about the goods, services, or conduct of the company providing the product or service. It also voids provisions that impose penalties or fees on customers for posting online reviews as well as those that require customers to give up the intellectual property rights related to such reviews. The legislation empowers the Federal Trade Commission to enforce the new law and impose penalties when necessary. The bill also protects reviews that aren’t available via the Internet.

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Lawrence Lessig Calls For The Electoral College to Choose Clinton Over Trump

Lawrence Lessig’s new op-ed in the Washington Post argues against the idea “that the person who lost the popular vote this year must nonetheless become our president.” (Paywalled version here, free version here.) Lessig points out that the electoral college results have already been ignored twice in U.S. history — in 1824 and 1876.
The Constitution says nothing about “winner take all.” It says nothing to suggest that electors’ freedom should be constrained in any way…They were to be citizens exercising judgment, not cogs turning a wheel.
Complaining that the electoral college weights the votes in Wyoming roughly four times as heavily as the votes in Michigan, Lessig argues that the popular vote should be respected, and that the authors of the U.S. Constitution “left the electors free to choose. They should exercise that choice by leaving the election as the people decided it: in Clinton’s favor.” Meanwhile, Politico is reporting that six electors, “mostly former Bernie Sanders supporters who hail from Washington state and Colorado,” are already urging electors pledged to Clinton and Trump to instead coalesce around “a consensus pick like Mitt Romney or John Kasich.” And the ethics lawyers for both President Obama and President Bush both told one liberal site “that if Trump continues to retain ownership over his sprawling business interests by the time the electors meet on December 19, they should reject Trump.”
Finally, from the original submission:
Even Donald Trump has called the Electoral College a “total sham.” Is it time for the Electoral College to reflect the popular vote?

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Russian Propaganda Effort Helped Spread 'Fake News' During Election, Experts Say

According to the Washington Post (Warning: source may be paywalled; alternate source), the “fake news” phenomenon that circulated thousands of phony stories during the election was aided by a sophisticated Russian propaganda effort that aimed to punish Democrat Hillary Clinton, help Republican Donald Trump and undermine faith in American democracy. Slashdot reader xtsigs shares with us an excerpt from the Washington Post’s report: The flood of “fake news” this election season got support from a sophisticated Russian propaganda campaign that created and spread misleading articles online with the goal of punishing Democrat Hillary Clinton, helping Republican Donald Trump and undermining faith in American democracy, say independent researchers who tracked the operation. Russia’s increasingly sophisticated propaganda machinery — including thousands of botnets, teams of paid human “trolls,” and networks of websites and social-media accounts — echoed and amplified right-wing sites across the Internet as they portrayed Clinton as a criminal hiding potentially fatal health problems and preparing to hand control of the nation to a shadowy cabal of global financiers. The effort also sought to heighten the appearance of international tensions and promote fear of looming hostilities with nuclear-armed Russia. Two teams of independent researchers found that the Russians exploited American-made technology platforms to attack U.S. democracy at a particularly vulnerable moment, as an insurgent candidate harnessed a wide range of grievances to claim the White House.

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Trump National Security Adviser Michael Flynn Had 'Forbidden' Internet Connection At the Pentagon, Says Report

According to The New Yorker, President-elect Donald Trump’s national security advisor, retired Lt. Gen. Michael Flynn, installed a secret internet connection into his office at the Pentagon even though it was “forbidden.” Business Insider reports: The network connection was among other rules the former chief of the Defense Intelligence Agency broke because he found them to be “stupid,” including sometimes sneaking out of a CIA station in Iraq without authorization and sharing classified information with NATO allies without approval, according to The New Yorker. While Flynn — who was recently tapped to be President-elect Donald Trump’s national security adviser — apparently had his own private connection, the New Yorker profile doesn’t provide a clear picture as to why. It’s likely his Pentagon office already had an authorized, unclassified connection to the internet called NIPRNet, which is separate from classified networks such as SIPRNet and JWICS, a former DIA analyst told Business Insider. All of those networks are monitored in some way. A separate, unknown network would not have had the same — or possibly any — level of monitoring. If it were implemented in secret, it would also not have the same protections from hackers that a known connection would have. It’s also possible that Flynn’s Pentagon office was known as a SCIF, or sensitive compartmented information facility — a secure facility in which intelligence can be discussed without fear of it being compromised. Network connections in SCIFs are closely controlled, and outside electronics such as mobile phones are not allowed inside.

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Schneier: We Need a New Agency For IoT Security

Reader Trailrunner7 writes: The recent DDoS attacks by the Mirai botnet against various targets, including DNS provider Dyn, have drawn the attention of congressional leaders, who say there may be a need for regulation of IoT device security in order to address the problem of vulnerable embedded devices. In a joint hearing on Wednesday, the House Subcommittee on Communications and Technology and the Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing, and Trade delved into the issue of IoT security and several lawmakers said that they were reluctant to get the government involved in regulating this problem, but it may be inevitable. The problem, of course, is that many of the embedded devices that make up the IoT aren’t manufactured in the United States, so regulation would have no effect on their security. Another piece of the puzzle is the fact that there’s no one federal agency or independent organization that oversees security standards for IoT devices. There are embedded computers in cars, appliances, medical devices, and hundreds of other kinds of devices. That cuts across many different industries and regulatory fields, a problem that the federal government is not set up to handle. “I actually think we need a new agency. We can’t have different rules if a computer makes calls, or a computer has wheels, or is in your body,” said cryptographer Bruce Schneier, another witness during the hearing. “The government is getting involved here regardless, because the stakes are too high. The choice isn’t between government involvement and no government involvement. It’s between good government involvement and stupid government involvement. I’m not a regulatory fan but this is a world of dangerous things.”

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